Autonomous Underwater Car or truck
I have observed this technology in the CSIR Technofest 2010, showcased by Council of Scientific and Industrial Analysis, New Delhi, at India International Trade Fair for the duration of November fourteen-27, 2010 New Delhi, India. I recognize that “Autonomous Underwater Car or truck” was produced by Central Mechanical Engineering Analysis Institute, Durgapur, underneath the aegis of CSIR, New Delhi.
Central Mechanical Engineering Analysis Institute (CMERI) – has produced India’s to start with indigenous autonomous underwater car or truck (AUV). The mega system can fulfill duties this kind of as seafloor mapping, coastal surveillance, mine countermeasure, and oceanographic measurements for the duration of adverse temperature ailments.
The AUV has been designed to function one hundred fifty feet underneath the sea (see Technical specs) to map the seafloor and acquire sensor-based mostly info. With no physical cable link to the surface command station and possessing on-board intelligence and strength supply, the car or truck, specified as AUV-one hundred fifty, has significantly to boast about.
The AUV technology will be an necessary technology of the long run as our dependence on ocean sources boosts. The require for autonomous underwater vehicles is presently getting felt for routines this kind of as inspection, area of objects, survey on the ocean ground, and surveillance.
The exact same car or truck with required customization could be employed for other long run applications this kind of as coastal monitoring, army reconnaissance, mine counter measuring, cable and pipeline surveys, littoral zone sensing, and much more.
AUV-one hundred fifty is a cylindrical-formed carrier with streamlined fairing to lower hydrodynamic drag. It is embedded with innovative electric power, propulsion, navigation, and command devices. The propulsion system includes thrusters for generating motion in different directions to command surge, sway, heave, pitch, and yaw, even though stopping the car or truck from rolling. Two arrays of cross-fins have also been preset at the two finishes to provide more security to the AUV. A lithium polymer battery powers the car or truck and a stress hull is made up of its electronics and strength system.
The autonomous car or truck is geared up with a quantity of navigational (inertial navigation system, depth sensor, altimeter, doppler velocity log, forward on the lookout sonar, world positioning system by way of ultra- quick baseline system, which is a method of underwater acoustic positioning and payload sensors (side scan sonar, camera, and CTD or conductivity-temperature-depth recorder). For sleek communication and distant intervention, the car or truck is geared up with hybrid communication system: it radio frequency on surface and acoustic underneath h2o.
The last prototype is capable of checking out the seafloor for endless treasure which can be employed for mankind, for illustration, minerals (metals, oil, pure gas, and substances), medications, and meals.