Technology and Its Position In Criminal Justice

Technology and Its Position In Criminal Justice

Technologies and crime:

Introduction:

Technologies development can be connected with enhanced residing expectations and also simplicity to perform actions. however the development in technology has contributed to simplicity of crime detection and bringing offenders into justice. Improvement in technology has also contributed to the greater crime and tough in detecting crime and fixing crime.

Technologies that assist in fixing crimes include DNA(deoxyribonucleic acid) and GIS (geographical info technique), this new technology have helped clear up crimes that earlier were not simple to clear up or even unsolvable utilizing traditional approaches, hence the development in technology has helped lessen the difficulty in fixing crimes, this paper discusses the significance of technology in aiding in fixing issues.

DNA technology:

DNA stands for deoxyribonucleic acid, it is normally an acid that is made up of genes that enable residing organisms in improvement and functions, the DNA has 4 molecules which are referred to as bases, these bases have a sequence wherever info is saved, the info contained is retrieved utilizing genetic codes and these codes are retrieved by copying the DNA into linked nucleic acid in a course of action named transcription.

The molecule of DNA is 1 very long chain but it is made up of only 4 diverse molecules referred to as bases and they include Cytosine, Adenine, Thymine and Guanine, these molecules make pairs and the DNA in a human mobile has 23 pairs wherever 1 pair comes from the mom of the human being in thing to consider and the other comes from the father, each and every folks DNA is distinctive besides for similar twins.

Some uses of the DNA technology include agricultural engineering whereby we have genetically modified foods, finger printing and the selection of historical info in record and also anthropology. In this situation we will look at finger printing which is valuable in crime detection and fixing crime.

Finger printing:

The use of DNA was first created by Alec Jeffrey in the 12 months 1984 and in 1988 the DNA crime fixing technology was utilised to clear up the murder situation fully commited by Colin Pitch.

Scientist will use system products and solutions or system components to detect the perpetrators of crimes, this include blood and other system fluids, hair, semen, bones, pores and skin or even saliva from a crime scene to detect the perpetrators of crime. This course of action of crime detection is referred to as DNA profiling and it is termed as a reputable way to detect criminals from a crime scene.

A legal is supposed to offer samples of his or her DNA in purchase to assist in comparing the DNA sample from the crime scene and that of the convict, since DNA profiling is normally reputable and correct when the match is made then the convict is termed as responsible.

The course of action of investigation:

Collection of DNA samples from a crime scene is the first step in DNA step, this is adopted by producing a DNA profile with regards to this samples and the previous step is the selection of samples from suspects for DNA profiling and comparing them with all those from the crime scene.

Positive aspects of DNA:

It is reputable and correct since the effects made are deemed to be correct, the DNA proof is made in a courtroom of legislation and this will help in fixing instances, however the DNA technology is occasionally not practical in the situation wherever the crime scene has many samples that involve a lot of DNA sample from a range of individuals and this might be misleading and tough to clear up. Perpetrators of crime could also be educated about this technology and could choose the gain of this by positioning DNA samples on crime scenes which could guide to conviction of innocent citizens. however even with this shortcomings the technology is nonetheless practical in fixing crimes.

It will help clear up previous instances were earlier unsolved and there was a DNA sample that was gathered, in the previous when the technology did not exist some instances were left unsolved or the mistaken individuals convicted but the introduction of this technology helped clear up this kind of instances wherever this kind of DNA sample were gathered and saved.

The DNA profiling can be utilised to detect the useless who could have died in a mass accident wherever they are not physically identifiable, in the situation wherever an accident happens and the useless are not physically identifiable instance wherever there is a fire outbreak and individuals burn up past recognition then the DNA technology is utilised to detect the bodies, the DNA from relations of the useless is gathered and matched with the useless. In this situation the DNA test is identical to that of historical detection of descendants.

Applied to clear up crimes that would have been tough to clear up utilizing other approaches, other approaches that were customarily utilised to clear up crimes were not as reputable as this technology. Classic approaches were not extremely correct as this method utilised these days and some situations the traditional approaches did not conclude many crime instances thanks to lack of proof and the introduction of this technology introduced a reduction to crime detection and the justice technique

Geographical mapping technique (GIS):

GIS is a different technological development that can be utilised to clear up crimes, it can be referred to as technique in which there is capturing and storage of info with regards to geographical locations, this technology is utilised in scientific science investigation. The GIS technology can also be described as the computerised mapping techniques that make it possible for the layering of info to give specific info and description of geographical parts.

The use of GIS in crime detection involves the next actions:

Collection of knowledge with regards to incidences and arrests on geographical parts which in switch helped raise law enforcement patrols to lessen crimes. Car or truck recovery web-sites knowledge was also gathered and mapped in purchase to enable clear up and reduce crimes.

In the recent previous there has been the use of GIS on cell telephones which has resulted from the introduction of GPS devices on cell telephones, this technology enables the selection of knowledge with regards to the actual site of a cell cellphone proprietor or wherever the individual is contacting from, instance in the situation wherever there is a kidnap and the perpetrators of crime connect with to desire a little something then this technology can be utilised to identify the individual exactly wherever he or she is contacting from.

The use of GIS technology is also utilised to observe car navigations, the computer that is utilised to undertake this exercise is made up of vectors which enable stand for road geometry on the monitor, organizations now have come up to give this monitoring technology and it will help the victims to observe their vehicles when they are stolen. For instance a car that is fitted with the monitoring system will sooner or later be tracked down, the technique tracks the car movements as a result of the road community which makes it simple to get well vehicles or even arrest the perpetrators of these crimes.

Conclusion:

Technologies has made crime detection and also the justice technique to clear up crimes. This is as a result of the use of the DNA and GSI. In each and every crime scene these days samples of DNA are gathered then there is the DNA profiling and ultimately the concern of comparing this DNA sample with suspects, criminals are supposed to offer samples of their DNA which assist in comparing the DNA sample from the crime scene and that of the convict, since DNA profiling is normally reputable and correct when the match is made then the convict is termed as responsible by the legal justice technique.

The GIS technology permits the layering of info to give specific info and description of geographical parts, the use of GIS on cell telephones has enabled the selection of knowledge with regards to the actual site of a cell cellphone proprietor or wherever the individual is contacting from this has helped clear up crimes. it is also utilised to observe car navigations, this monitoring technology and it will help the victims to observe their vehicles when they are stolen.

DNA is referred to as correct and reputable thanks to the sense that each and every human being in the planet has a distinctive DNA pattern apart from the situation wherever we have similar twins, when the DNA samples matches then the suspects are termed as responsible by a courtroom of legislation. GIS technology also aids in fixing crimes whereby it involves locating criminals as a result of their cell telephones or even cars they use to journey when the monitoring devices are mounted on these cars.

References:

Calladine and Travers (2003) Comprehending DNA, McGraw Hill, New York

R McDonnell (1998) Rules of GIS, Oxford College Press, Oxford

Heywood and Carver (2006) Introduction to GIS, Prentice Corridor push, New York

Mapping crime (2007) Mapping Crime and Geographic Information Methods, retrieved on fifth Octobe

DNA and crime (2007) crime to convict, retrieved on fifth Oct

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