This paper examined numerous efforts that have been produced to produce science and technology considering the fact that its introduction into the school process when the early Christian missionary arrived in Nigeria. The paper additional talked over distinct difficulties to the growth of science and technology in Nigeria. Tips had been produced for its growth in Nigeria.
Improvement of science and technology in Nigeria has not been encouraging considering the fact that the introduction of sciences into school curriculum from the time of the early Christian missionary to Nigeria. Science educating in most Nigerian educational facilities was just Nature Research ahead of 1930 (Abdullahi, 1982). Nigerian has not reached significantly in science and technology and this is why we are nonetheless classified as producing country. The so named made nations acquired their prosperity via scientific improvement (Abdullahi, 1982). Country that is underdeveloped in science will not similarly produce technologically for the reason that science and technology are with each other science offer with selection of facts via scientific procedures and technology takes advantage of the facts to come across solutions to practical difficulties.
Quite a few efforts has been produced by numerous federal government in Nigeria to produce science at any time ahead of impartial 1 of this kind of is transformed of the idea of General science as a topic to be provided up to the University Certificate to this kind of topics as biology, chemistry and physics. Later growth put enrolment in secondary school at ratio 60:forty concerning Science and Arts topics. A person big work aimed at the growth of science was the coming with each other of all science lecturers in 1957 to inaugurate the Science Teachers’ Association of Nigeria (STAN). The association is concerned with the educating of science via inquiry and discovery method in which learners appear to realize and produce science concepts by investigating and experimenting on their personal (Abdullahi, 1982).
Technological schools, Faculty of Arts, Science and Technology, Colleges of schooling Technological, Polytechnics and Universities of Technology had been all set up in the country in a quest to produce science and technology. The process of schooling was transformed from the 1 inherited from our colonial learn to 6-three-three-four process of schooling. In accordance to Rufai (2007) the 6-three-three-four policy is essential for the so significantly ideal technological breakthrough and the federal government has produced her stand very clear by stating her determination to scientific and technological improvement of the nation. Equipment had been introduced from foreign nations around the world to be certain that this process labored and lecturers had been sent to overseas for additional scientific studies to help them in shape in to the news process of schooling.
With all these efforts produced at producing science and technology and thinking of its worth to achieving self reliance of a country as said by Adebayo (2001) that there is want for nations to produce scientifically and technologically for the reason that of the role it plays in achieving self reliance. There are nonetheless lots of difficulties to the growth of science and technology in Nigeria that make her far behind other nations of the entire world.
Up to date Difficulties
For science and technology to be made to meet the entire world conventional as it is in the made nations nowadays there ought to be adequate means to teach science at all degree of schooling. Ajileye (2006) opined that insufficient means for educating and finding out of science constitute a big induce of students’ achievements. This insufficient source consists of laboratories, science tools, and specimens used as educating aids. Improvement of science and technology cannot be divided from the quality of university student a country is manufacturing from her educational facilities.
Waziri (2002) observed that thousands and thousands of naira-well worth of tools purchased for the growth of introductory technology is nonetheless lying uninstalled due to absence of suited workshops and laboratories. Nations that do not have laboratories, science tools and specimens to teach learners will absolutely generate inadequate learners in science and technology who are to come to be engineers and experts tomorrow. An crucial source in the growth of science and technology is qualified teacher. Waziri (2002) said the scarcity of qualified lecturers for vocational- technological schooling programme brought on predominantly by inadequate payment as as opposed to the far more desirable alternatives in field and commerce.
Technological schools are not longer taken critical lots of of these schools have been closed down for the reason that they absence learners and determination by the federal government. These technological schools are quite crucial for the instruction of skill craftsman and artisans that are quite very important to the technological growth of any country.
Foundation of Science
Foundation is quite crucial in any undertaking and that is why there is want for a strong foundation for seem science schooling from primary school via good technique of educating and effectively framework curriculum. Akinola (2006) was of the view that learners unsuccessful science for the reason that of teacher’s methodology and the structuring of the curriculum. Science educating is not taken critical in lots of of our primary educational facilities this tends to make a course teacher who is not a experienced science teacher to be educating science. It is only in secondary school we have lecturers specialised in topic regions but in primary science lecturers are ‘multipurpose’ which is quite improper. What do you count on from a teacher who is a graduate of social scientific studies educating science in primary school? At his or her most effective would conclusion up in destroying the scientific potential of the pupils. The conclusion is that a poor scientific seed is planted and when it germinates we ought to not count on anything at all superior. In accordance to Oyedele (2007) science schooling is the ‘seed ‘to be planted if technological growth is to be created. He said if Nigeria is to be amongst the state-of-the-art societies of the entire world, equipped with modern day technology of her personal making, she ought to put together her citizens for long term roles of predicating them on strong and seem science schooling. Nigeria little ones are quite good, smart and can contend with their counterpart in any component of the entire world if they have good teacher who teaches with good approaches. In the view of Oyedele (2007) the average Nigerian child is capable, smart and gifted in all spheres of everyday living.
Excellent of Training
The quality of Nigerian schooling is inadequate due to inadequate leadership and corruption. Ogunwoye (2003) said absence of teacher determination, recognition and reward lead to inadequate quality of schooling. Nigeria federal government do not price schooling and that mirror in their budget just about every calendar year. They gave quite smaller allocation to schooling as as opposed to stability forgetting that schooling is money intense. They make insufficient fund out there to get and maintained laboratories and workshop tools. Idris (2002) observed absence of funds to procure required spare pieces to retain the tools for technological schooling. The challenges of our federal government in accordance to Adedibu (2001) in formulating seem targets and most effective solutions to our difficulties have resulted in the mismanagement of means, improper organizing and misplaced of developmental priorities this has badly afflicted our educational process in current decades.
Societal frame of mind
Nigerian culture is a big problem to our growth of science and technology. An average Nigerian do not have complete self esteem in any improvement produced by his or her fellow Nigerian in the discipline of science and technology for the reason that in accordance to Adedibu (2001) they have significantly respect for goods from other nations at the expenditure of domestically created goods and this is acquiring an adverse influence on our technological growth. Till we master to settle for and respect our indigenous work in the discipline of science and technology and respect our Nigeria produced goods we may well not make significantly growth in science and technology. Some Nigerian experienced produced significance progress in medication particularly in combating HIV/AIDS but for the reason that they are Nigerians no one recognises their efforts but negatively criticized.
Another problem to the growth of science and technology in Nigeria is rivalry concerning numerous institutions particularly concerning university and polytechnics (Katende, 2007). Where by these institutions meant to function with each other as partners in progress to produce science and technology they are concentrating on which 1 is top-quality in certification. In accordance to Mfon (2007) if the polytechnic, university, federal government and other stakeholders function with each other in the direction of investigate objectives, our march to technological and scientific breakthrough will be at sight.
In excess of dependence on foreign aids in type of technological transfer is one more problem. In accordance to Adedibu (2001) technological transfer is a method of acquisition of technological instruction that can assist a country technological growth from other nations. The buying country is expected to take care of, retain, replicate and make improvements to on this technology via investigate without the need of the assist of the marketing nation. Having said that, Nigeria circumstance is distinct we have been tied to the apron of the marketing nation. There is nothing poor in technological transfer but the method ought to entire by cease depending on the marketing country and this lead to our technological growth.
Shortage and inadequate use of instructional product for educating and finding out of sciences in educational facilities is a critical problem in most Nigerian educational facilities. Kola (2007) said the want for the use of instructional aids in educating physics in Nigerian educational facilities cannot be overemphasized. The lecturers are about dependent on foreign produced or superior named ‘already made’ apparatus, vast majority do not have the potential to improvise for the profit of their learners. In accordance to Daniel (2001), lecturers want to be exposed to the output and finding out components making use of out there means particularly at this age of information technology. The desk below display instructional product takes advantage of for educating and finding out physics in two area federal government secondary educational facilities in a point out in Nigeria.
Share of used (%)
Share not used (%)
local community means
Source: Kola (2007).
Science and technology is quite crucial to the growth of a nation and as a result its growth ought to be supplying a outstanding position in the governance of any country. It is evident from the over dialogue that science and technology has not been effectively made due to difficulties that can be triumph over if we are ascertain to do so. Most of these difficulties are manmade difficulties that can be triumph over.
Mainly because of the critical role of science and technology in the growth of a country I will like to make the subsequent suggestion for its growth in Nigeria.
It is crucial to begin the growth of science from the primary school via the use of discovery technique of educating. This help pupil appreciates science and also be inventive in their method to science rather than the prevalent observe of memorization. Major school lecturers who are not science teacher ought to not be allowed to teach science as in opposition to the existing technique where by course lecturers are produced to teach all topics in his or her course like science. Science lecturers ought to be separate from other topics as it is finished in secondary educational facilities.
Science lecturers ought to be inspired, determined and send for additional instruction in their discipline of scientific studies on a regular basis. Attendance of seminar, conferences and workshops ought to type component of science teacher’s advertising at all amounts.
Technological schools ought to be resuscitated in all point out of the nation and federal government ought to make ample funds out there for the instruction of technological lecturers the two domestically and abroad. Funds ought to also be supplied for the buy of technological equipments and constructing of modern day technological workshop.
Professionalism ought to be strictly adhere to in educating, it ought to not just be anybody that can go to classroom and teach, it ought to be professional lecturers. This is crucial for the reason that of the technique of educating and accurate improvisation of science instructional components.
Nigerian ought to have respect, price and patronise our domestically produced goods federal government ought to count it as a legal offence for anyone rejecting or disdain goods generate in Nigeria.
Authorities ought to reinforce our investigate institutions to reduce nation about dependence on foreign aids and assist to take care of, retain, and replicate technological instruction acquired from other nations rather than nonetheless depending on them following long yrs of gotten it.
Ultimately our federal government ought to make schooling to be initial in the nation’s budget as there is no country that can mature over the degree of her schooling.
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